The human body needs complete nutrition to work for biological function optimally. Nutrients for the body are produced by the food or beverage. Based on the function, the food can be grouped into carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Too much eating with improper nutrition can create excessive weight gain and lead to various diseases. Thus, the need for the proper portion is so important between the amount of food consumed and the presence of essential nutrients.
How Important Is the Portion of Nutrients for The Body?
Protein is one of the essential nutrients for the body. Protein serves as a useful component for growth, wound healing, cell regeneration, produce enzymes and hormones to the body’s metabolism as well as an energy source. Lack of protein interrupt growth process, leading to osteoporosis and hair loss. Protein can be obtained from animals or from plants. Animal protein such as meat, milk or eggs. While the protein from plants called vegetable proteins found in beans. Animal proteins contain an essential amino acid than plant protein. In order to obtain maximal protein, avoid cooking with high temperatures and use much oil because it will damage the protein. It is advisable to cultivate protein foods by baking or steaming.
Carbohydrates serve as the main energy source for the body to perform various activities. Carbohydrates are also the only form of energy used for the brain. The average human needs for calories is as much as 1200-2000 calories and mostly produced from carbohydrates. Consuming excess carbohydrates that are not used will be stored as fat. Other nutrients are vitamin which comes from vegetables and fruits, the benefits of vitamins in foods all around us is very diverse. Each vitamin has a function of each is certainly much needed by our bodies. There’s a good vitamin to keep the body fresh, to strengthen the immune system, and eliminate fatigue. Last essential nutrients, namely fiber, particularly fiber function in digestion and keep the body healthy. Fiber found in many fruits, vegetables, nuts, and cereal. Some examples of high-fiber fruits are papaya, mango, soursop and orange.